Research Publication Writing
A good research question will guide and centre your research. It may consider the relationships between certain theories or ideas, or attempt to answer what is happening in a specific situation. Ideally, you should be interested in the topic you choose to investigate. If you are unfamiliar with the topic, you should also conduct preliminary research. A good literature review can summarize a given research area and lead to inspiration.  Next, consider some questions you have about your topic; in this post, we will use the example topic of childhood obesity. For example, you might consider one of these questions: What are the effects of childhood obesity? or What are the effects of childhood obesity in early elementary school children? Your research question cannot be too broad or too narrow; if it is either, you will have difficulty researching. The first question is not narrow enough; the research methodology would be too broad to be answered effectively. The second question, however, is a perfect research question. It has a very clear focus where the researcher can collect, analyze, and discuss data.
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Research Publication Writing
A literature review is an exhaustive discussion of the research previously done in a given subject area. It is an organized collection of published research about a topic. Literature reviews are conducted in order to provide a solid background of the topic, examine what areas of research exist, and find new routes of research. While it may be a summary of the material, usually the literature review shuffles information around to shed new light on research.  The first step in conducting a literature review is to choose a topic. Your topic should be narrow enough to find specific sources. Writing a purpose statement will help you focus your search. Next, divide your topic into key themes and ideas; those will provide the framework for the body of your literature review and keep your search for sources organized. Finding and evaluating sources will take up most of your time. Read the abstracts of the studies carefully, and only continue to read the article if the abstract proves useful. Here are some research questions to consider as you read: What were the authors trying to discover? What were the methodologies used? How accurate and valid are the measurements? What further questions or research do the results call for? How does the author structure the argument? How does this article specifically relate to my topic?  When writing your literature review, you should have three main parts: introduction, body, and conclusion. Your literature review should not be a list of summaries of articles, one after another. Instead, it should evaluate the key themes or ideas pertaining to your topics. For example, if you are writing about schizophrenia, you may want to examine causes, treatments, and comorbidity. Within each of these key ideas, you would examine other topics; under causes, you may explore genetic and environmental factors.
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Research Publication Writing
Mendeley is an free and excellent resource to manage references for your research article. With Mendeley, you can do a variety of functions that will make research publication easier, especially when conducting a literature review. The first item on your Mendeley to-do list is curating your Mendeley library. Any research articles or other references you want to use in your article should be added to the library. You can drag and drop them into the open desktop application from your desktop or files folder. Sometimes, you will add duplicate documents to your library. Under ‘Tools,’ click ‘Check for Duplicates.’ You can merge duplicate documents. Select all duplicate documents and in the upper right corner, click on merge. From there, Mendeley will check the fields to verify information; click on ‘Confirm Merge’ to complete the process.  In order to use it with Microsoft Word, install the plugin by clicking on ‘Tools’ and then ‘Install MS Word Plugin’ when Mendeley is open. Click ‘OK’ and then launch Microsoft Word.
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Research Publication Writing
The style of your work is just as important as its content. You should write for your audience -- a professor, a layperson, your colleagues, etc -- and your style should indicate who you are writing for. Slang words and other colloquial terms should not be used unless they are relevant to your article’s focus. It is also essential to avoid biased language; you don’t want your article to be seen as sexist, racist, or stereotypical. Your article should be written intelligently. Having a peer who had not read your article before will help you with proofreading. You may be able to cut down on redundant information or add information for completeness when necessary with his or her feedback. Sometimes it is necessary to use jargon -- vocabulary used by a specific group of people. When using jargon, you should define the word so that a general audience would be able to understand what it means.  You should look for and eliminate wordy phrases and cut them down into more specific words. The words you use in place of word phrases will be more succinct and be more powerful to the reader. Some common fluff words (also known as informal intensifiers) are “really” and “a lot,” but they don’t add any meaning to your words; better word choices would be “highly” and “frequently.” A single verb or adjective will be much stronger than phrasal verbs (such as “brought up” and “get away with”) and convey a clear message to your audience. Using formal language prevents unclear sentences. Word choice creates intensity and emphasis in sentences, not intonation. You can also combine several short sentences together. Using the full form of commonly contracted phrases (do not) rather than contractions (don’t) is considered more proper. Also, you’ll add an extra word and be closer to your final word count.
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